Persons or organizations, other than referees, that have responsibility for the administration of CSI events. Examples include, but are not limited to:a. the CSI National Office;b. officials of CSI sanctioned or sponsored regional, state or local associations;c. tournament directors and event officials;d. any person designated by any of the above to exercise administrative authority.With the exception of settling protests, administrative authority primarily concerns matters other than the game itself. Examples include, but are not limited to: event organization, drawing and maintaining brackets and schedules, dress codes, eligibility, event venue management, finances and prize distribution, referee management, etc.
The direction moving from any point on the table toward the head of the table. When referring to the head string, above the head string is also referred to as "behind the head string", "behind the line", or “in the kitchen”. (See Diagram 1).
When the cue ball may be placed anywhere on the bed of the table. Also referred to as “cue ball in hand”.
The position of the front ball of the rack.
A ball that, during a game, is on the bed of the table, in motion on or over the table, or falling into a pocket.
When the cue ball may be placed anywhere behind the head string on the bed of the table. Also referred to as “ball in hand behind the line”..
A shot in which the called ball, before being pocketed, contacts one or more cushions attached to a rail not adjacent to the called pocket. Incidental contact with a cushion attached to a rail adjacent to a called pocket does not constitute a bank shot. (A.R.D. Bank shot)
The area of the bed of the table between the head string and the head cushion. Also referred to as “the kitchen” or "behind the line". The area behind the head string does not include the head string.
The cloth-covered playing surface within the cushions of the table. The cloth-covered tops of the cushions are not part of the bed.
See "Behind the Head String"
The first shot of a game.
A cue used primarily for, and usually designed for, break shots.
The end of a cue opposite the tip.
When specified by Administrative Authority, a marked or designated area of the kitchen in which the cue ball must be placed for the break shot.
In a call shot game: the object ball the player designates to be pocketed.
Game in which the specific game rules require the player, in advance of each shot, to designate the ball to be pocketed and the pocket into which it will be made.
In a call shot game, the pocket the player designates for the called ball.
A device, usually wooden and tapered, used to strike the cue ball.
1. A shot in which the cue ball first contacts a ball other than the called ball, followed by that ball then contacting the called ball or other object ball(s) which then contact the called ball. (A.R.D. Combination Shot)2. A shot in which the called ball contacts another ball that is blocking the called ball’s path to the called pocket, and the blocking ball is pocketed in the called pocket before the called ball. (A.R.D. Combination Shot)
A piece of leather, fibrous, or pliable material, attached to the shaft end of the cue along its long axis, which contacts the cue ball during a stroke.
The ball that must be legally struck with the cue tip during a shot. Usually a predominately white ball, sometimes marked with various small circles, logos, or dots.
1. When the cue tip strikes the cue ball more than once on a single stroke.2. When any part of the cue contacts the cue ball after the cue ball’s initial contact with an object ball. (A.R.D. Double Hit)
A ball that has been accidentally touched or moved by the player's body, clothing or equipment.
A match, game, series of matches or games, league schedule or tournament conducted under the authority of a national, regional, state or local administrative body that is either CSI owned, sanctioned or sponsored, or that is being played under CSI rules.
A piece of protective material at the end of the cue shaft, onto which the cue tip is attached.
1. All areas in which tables specified for play or practice are located; all hallways, lobbies, or other public spaces adjacent to those areas.2. Other spaces designated by Administrative Authority.
The cushion attached to the foot rail.
Any violation of the rules of play as defined in the General Rules or specific game rules.
Balls that were not spotted as required when available.
A ball that is touching another ball or a cushion. If loose strands or fibers of cloth extend from a cushion and contact a ball, that does not constitute that ball being frozen to the cushion.
A shot or stroke on which a foul occurs.
The cushion attached to the head rail.
A term used by referees when calling a shot.
The action of the cue ball with respect to its contact with object balls.
A line along the bed of the table, aligned between the second diamonds of the long rails as counted from the head of the table. The area behind the head string does not include the head string (see Diagram 1).
An object ball other than a legal object ball as defined by specific game rules.
An object ball that prevents the cue ball from traveling a straight line to the first object ball with which contact is attempted. An impeding ball may be a legal or an illegal object ball.
An object ball is illegally pocketed when:a. a foul is committed on the shot in which the ball was pocketed;b. in call shot games, a called ball goes into a pocket other than the called pocket;c. it is defined as illegally pocketed by specific game rules;d. in call shot games, a non-obvious shot that is not called.
See "Mouth of Pocket"
A turn at the table by a player.
A cue used primarily for, and usually designed for, both jump and break shots, usually having a portion of the butt designed for removal while jumping.
A cue used primarily for, and usually designed for, jump shots.
A ball that:a. comes to rest other than on the bed of the table or in a pocket;b. contacts any object that is not part of the table (chalk, light fixture, player, floor, etc.);A ball is not a jumped ball if it leaves the bed of the table and returns there without contacting anything that is not part of the table.
Intentionally causing the cue ball, because of a downward stroke, to rebound off the bed of the table in order to jump the cue ball over an impeding ball.
A shot in which the cue ball, before contacting the called ball, contacts one or more cushions attached to a rail not adjacent to the called pocket. Incidental contact with a cushion attached to a rail adjacent to a called pocket does not constitute a kick shot. (A.R.D. Kick Shot)
A procedure to determine which player breaks Where as, each player strikes a ball from the kitchen driving it to the foot rail and back up towards the top rail without touching any side rails. The ball ending up closest to the head rail without passing it wins the lag.
The area of the table between the head string and the head cushion. Also referred to as the area “behind the line” or "behind the head string". The kitchen does not include the head string (see Diagram 1).
An object ball with which first contact by the cue ball is required or legal under specific game rules.
Forward motion of the cue resulting in the cue tip striking the cue ball for only the momentary time customarily associated with a normal shot. "Forward" means relative to the cue itself, along the long axis of the cue and away from the butt, and has no relevance to any part of the table or any relationship to the player or any part of their body (see Diagram 2. Also see Rule 1-18 and Diagram 4).
A shot that does not result in a foul.
A game that uses a complete set of fifteen object balls.
When an object ball is pocketed on a legal shot and in accordance with specific game rules.
1. A shot in which extreme spin is applied to the cue ball by elevating the butt of the cue.2. A shot in which any attempt is made to curve the cue ball around an impeding object ball, regardless of the degree of elevation of the cue or amount of curve.
A stroke that unintentionally results in faulty cue tip contact with the cue ball (such as the cue tip sliding off the cue ball), often accompanied by a sharp sound not usually associated with a normal stroke.
A grooved device, usually mounted on a handle, which provides support for the shaft of the cue.
The area of the bed of the table between the pocket and a line between the noses of the cushions near the pocket where they change direction (see Diagram 1). Also referred to as the "jaws".
A shot in which the non-shooting player has no doubt as to, or does not question, the ball and the pocket. A shot in which the cue ball has a clear path to the object ball and the object ball has a clear path to the pocket. The following types of shots are exceptions and are defined as being "not obvious":a. bank shots;b. kick shotsc. combination shots;d. shots that include caroms, kisses or cushion contacts that are not incidental;e. any shot judged as not obvious by the referee.
A ball other than the cue ball.
Needing only one more game to win the match.
When a player fouls, they are said to be "on" a foul until they execute a legal shot. If a player has successive fouls, they are said to be on the number of successive fouls they have.
The cue used for most shots (as opposed to a break cue or a jump cue).
In 8-Ball: when groups have not been established.
Equipment other than that which the player brings to a match, borrows, or purchases from other players, spectators or vendors during a match.
1. A device used for gathering the balls into the formation required at the beginning of the game or rack. Also referred to as a “triangle”.2. The formation of the object balls at the beginning of the game.
When a referee stays at the table for the duration of a match or other extended period.
When a disturbed ball is returned to its original position.
Procedures established by the Administrative Authority that usually do not directly affect the play of the game on the table, and are primarily administrative in nature. Examples include dress codes, eligibility, breaking order, bracket procedures, team coaching procedures, etc.
Any event or tournament play that is officially recognized by the governing body of that particulal organization.
The end of the cue to which the cue tip is attached.
All events related to the motion of the balls from the time the cue tip contacts the cue ball until all of the balls have come to rest.
A game that uses a rack of less than fifteen object balls.
1. When the cue ball first strikes more than one object ball at the same time.2. When it cannot be determined which object ball the cue ball struck first.
A timing device used to measure the time limit a player has to take a shot. The device must have the functions of a stopwatch including start, stop, and reset. If the device has audio functions, they must be disabled.
Fouls committed on consecutive shots by the same player (also referred to as “consecutive fouls”).
The motion of the cue from the time it begins its forward motion, through the time the cue tip strikes the cue ball, and any further follow-through motion of the cue.
The position of the balls on the table as they lie.