Although the definitions for these shots refer to the "called ball", naturally these types of shots exist in games that are not call shot games. The references to the called ball in these definitions are specifically to support and emphasize the restrictions placed on these types of shots under Rule 1-16, Calling Ball and Pocket.
The terms “carom” and “kiss” are sometimes used interchangeably, or described or interpreted differently by various persons or authorities. The point of this ruling is specifically not to debate the distinctions that may be commonly argued between the terms, or their application to other situations such as defining procedures for calling shots. The terms are addressed in the definitions sufficiently, and clearly enough to impart their intent within the framework of these rules.
1. Situation: Player A has solids. Player A, without calling the shot, shoots the 6-ball
into the 12, pocketing the 6-ball after the 12-ball.Ruling: Player A’s inning ends. Player B accepts the table in position.Discussion: This type of shot is included in the definition of “Combination”, and therefore must be called.
Depending on specific game rules, it is possible to have an illegal break without a foul, or an illegal break and a separate foul on the same shot unrelated to the illegal break.
The requirements for a legal break generally apply only to the action of the balls on the table. Depending on specific game rules, it is possible to have a legal break and a separate foul on the same shot (e.g., violation of Rule 1-33-7-d.)
1. Situation: (a) an object ball (b) the cue ball, comes to rest touching both the bed of the table and one or more previously pocketed balls in a full pocket.Ruling: (a) The referee will judge whether, if the supporting ball(s) in the full pocket were removed, the ball would fall into the pocket or remain on the bed. The ball will then be pocketed or placed as judged and play will continue. (b) scratch.2. Situation: An object ball rebounds from a pocket because of a ball, piece of equipment, or other obstruction in the pocket, and (a) stops on the bed of the table; (b) lands on the floor.Ruling: (a) the ball is not pocketed. Play continues based on the result of the shot. (b) foul, unless caused by equipment left by the opponent. (See A.R. 1-3, Use of Equipment, Situation 4.)3. Situation: The cue ball rebounds from a pocket because of a ball, piece of equipment, or other obstruction in the pocket. and lands on the bed of the table.Ruling: (a): scratch, unless caused by equipment left by the opponent. (See A.R. 1-3, Use of Equipment, Situation 4.)Discussion, Situations 2 and 3: While a referee, if available, may assist in clearing pockets, the player is ultimately responsible for ensuring that pockets are clear of their own equipment or pocketed balls.4. Situation: A ball drops into a pocket and, without rebounding from the pocket, and then falls to the floor because of a flaw in the pocket or ball-return system.Ruling: The ball is pocketed.
Do not confuse the term “Push Shot” with a double hit. They are not the same thing. A push shot occurs when, intentionally or unintentionally, the cue tip rests on the cue ball significantly longer than during a normal stroke, essentially resulting in the cue “shoving” the cue ball as opposed to “striking” it. Whether a push shot has occurred is at the sole judgment of the referee.
Situation 1: Player A calls a ball and pocket, and at the same time calls a safety. Player A completes the shot as intended, pocketing the called ball.Ruling: Player A's inning is ended. The safety takes precedence over the called shot, and is enforced according to the General Rules and specific game rules.